Athletics is essentially the most widespread sport for blind and partially sighted sportsmen and sportswomen, and is practised in worldwide competitions by greater than 70 nations. A wide range of working events are held on the track which fall into three broad distance categories: sprints , center-distance , and lengthy-distance observe occasions Relay races characteristic teams comprising 4 runners each, who must cross a baton to their teammate after a specified distance with the aim of being the first group to finish.
Athletes who are eligible to compete in Para athletics are allotted to a sport class, with every class consisting of athletes who’ve impairments that trigger approximately the identical quantity of activity limitation within the disciplines – running, wheelchair racing, jumps and throws.
Competitors is organised in accordance with the IBSA Classification System, using all three classes – B1, B2 and B3. The rules of the International Athletic Associations Federation (IAAF) are followed for a spread of conventional Athletics occasions that is more or less full aside from occasions such because the hurdles races, the steeplechase, and the pole vault.
There are additionally indoor continental competitions in Europe ( European Athletics Indoor Championships ) and Asia ( Asian Indoor Athletics Championships ). There has not been a constant championships for all of North America, which can be (in part) because of the success of both the Central American and Caribbean Championships and the USA Outdoor Observe and Discipline Championships Most nations have a national championship in track and field and, for athletes, these usually play a job in gaining choice into main competitions.